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Australian Courthouses

Armidale Courthouse 1858, Armidale, Northern Tablelands, New England, NSW

Armidale Courthouse, old Australian Courthouses, colonial Australian Courthouses, courthousesThe Armidale Courthouse and Sherriffs Office at 143-145 Beardy Street, Armidale, in the Northern Tablelands was an operating Local Court of New South Wales until January 2014.  The first courthouse was constructed in 1844 with a more substantial building erected in 1858, in the Classical Revival style.

 

Beechworth Courthouse 1858, Victoria

Beechworth Courthouse, early Australian courthouses, old Australian courthouses The former Beechworth Courthouse was built in 1852 and ceased operating as a courthouse in 1989.  Local history records that Ned Kelly, his mother and other bushrangers appeared in the courtroom of the Beechworth Courthouse.

Cairns Courthouse 1919 (former), QLD

Cairns Courthouse, Australian courthouses The Cairns Courthouse constructed in 1919 was described as a ‘graceful and imposing structure’. A far cry from the previous ‘disgraceful courthouse’.

Manly Courthouse 1909, Manly, New South Wales

Manly Courthouse, early Australian courthouses, old Australian courthousesManly Courthouse was first constructed in 1909 on the site of the former Ivanhoe Hotel and regarded as a significant development.
While the locality had no crime to speak of it was observed the residents had the right to have a court of their own to save the inconvenience of having to travel across the water to settle their troubles.

Glen Innes Courthouse 1873, NSW

Glen Innes Courthouse, Australian Courthouses, Australian legal history, early Australian courthousesGlen Innes Courthouse 1873 is the design work of James Barnet, built in local stone. The Courthouse is still operational as a local court in New South Wales, and previously a Mining Warden’s Court.  The locality of Glen Innes is of Scottish heritage.

Water Police Court 1886, Sydney

Water Police Court (former), Sydney
The Police Court or Water Police Court in Phillip Street, Sydney near the busy waterfront of Circular Quay, no longer operates as a courthouse. Instead it is home to the Justice and Police Museum, telling stories of earlier times when water transport, merchant shipping and a busy harbour required regulating and policing to keep law and order in a rapidly developing colony.

Norwood Courthouse 1937, SA

Former Norwood CourthouseThe Norwood Courthouse 1937 in Norwood, Adelaide was one of the few police courthouse buildings built during the interwar period.  It was reported at the time as being the ‘most commanding building outside the City’.

Holbrook Courthouse (former) 1873, NSW

Holbrook Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses, old Australian Courthouses, colonial Australian courthouses, Australian legal history, administration of justice
In 1872 the Courthouse at Holbrook, once known as Germanton, housed a very small courtroom, described as an “apology”. Despite the cramped conditions, many matters were dealt within it.

Port Augusta Courthouse 1884, SA

old Port Augusta courthouse, old Australian courthouses, early Australian courthouses Although a magistrate resided in Port Augusta 1856, it was over ten years before a proper courthouse building was constructed.

Willunga Courthouse (former), 1855, South Australia

Willunga Courthouse, early Australian courthouses, old Australian courthouses When the local magistrate felt that it was no longer possible to maintain the required order and decorum for a court of justice in the local Bush Inn, the drive was on for a purpose built courthouse.

Auburn Courthouse 1860, South Australia

Auburn Courthouse, Auburn Courthouse and Police Station.old Australian courthouses, early Australian courthouses The Auburn Courthouse in Auburn in the mid-north of South Australia was constructed in 1860 of local bluestone. Auburn was an important stop-over point at the time from the mining areas around Burra to the north and the coastal port on St Vincent’s Gulf.