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Albany Courthouse 1895-96, Albany, Western Australia

Albany Courthouse, Western Australia, early Australian courthouses, historical Australian courthouses, Australian legal history,

The Albany Courthouse is an operating Magistrates Court for civil and criminal matters in Albany, Western Australia. On the shores of the beautiful King George Sound, the first European settlement in 1826 was really a penal colony under the jurisdiction of the New South Wales Colony, and the first ‘courthouse’ as such a simple thatched roof affair. More history can be read on the WA Government’s Department of Justice page.

Orange Courthouse 1883, Orange, Central Tablelands, New South Wales

Orange Courthouse New South Wales

 


The current Orange Courthouse building was designed by the Colonial Government Architect James Barnet. Construction was completed in 1883. Previous buildings existed on the site, the first being erected in 1847, around the time of the town’s settlement, and operated as a Court of Petty Sessions, being the usual arrangements in those times.

Orange was proclaimed a municipality in 1860, the first meeting being held in the Courthouse, located on the same site as today, but a different structure.

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Port Adelaide Courthouse 1882 (former), SA

Port Adelaide Courthouse (former)

 

Port Adelaide CourthouseThe old Port Adelaide Courthouse constructed in 1882 lies adjacent to the earlier Port Adelaide Police Station built in 1861. Inquests into deaths, often due to drownings following heavy drinking at local pubs, were held. These were inquests by juries in those times before the local police magistrate.

Cairns Courthouse 1919 (former), QLD

Cairns Courthouse, Australian Courthouses, courthouses

Cairns Courthouse, Australian courthouses The Cairns Courthouse constructed in 1919 was described as a ‘graceful and imposing structure’. A far cry from the previous ‘disgraceful courthouse’.

Wills and forgery in ancient times

Gortyn, Crete, Greece, Gortyn Law inscriptions, stone

Forgery of a will was of great concern for the ancients. Emperor Nero established the technique of will piercing, tying with ribbon and adding stelae.

Glen Innes Courthouse 1873, NSW

early Australian Courthouses, old Australian Courthouses, Australian legal history

Glen Innes Courthouse, Australian Courthouses, Australian legal history, early Australian courthousesGlen Innes Courthouse 1873 is the design work of James Barnet, built in local stone. The Courthouse is still operational as a local court in New South Wales, and previously a Mining Warden’s Court.  The locality of Glen Innes is of Scottish heritage.

Gortyn laws – ancient inheritance laws etched in stone

Gortyn, Crete, Greece, Gortyn Law inscriptions, stone

Inheritance and intergenerational transfer of property has concerned families and civilisations for centuries.  Inheritance laws of the ancient city of Gortyn (Gortys), Crete were inscribed on stone in a public place in the fifth century.  The Law Code of Gortyn is a written set of rules prescribing who inherits, among other private matters, so as to keep property in the male side of family.

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Ancient Romans providing for their children

“The Romans were also wont to set aside testaments as being inofficiosa, deficient in natural duty, if they disinherited or totally passed by (without assigning a true and sufficient reason) any of the children of the testator.”

Northam Courthouse, Western Australia

Northam Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses, old Australian courthouses

Northam Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses Northam Courthouse, Wellington Street, Northam; a Magistrates Court of Western Australia.
The Northam Courthouse is an operating Magistrates Court serving the agricultural community of Northam, west of Perth in Western Australia.

Auburn Courthouse 1860, South Australia

Auburn Courthouse, Auburn Courthouse and Police Station.old Australian courthouses, early Australian courthouses The Auburn Courthouse in Auburn in the mid-north of South Australia was constructed in 1860 of local bluestone. Auburn was an important stop-over point at the time from the mining areas around Burra to the north and the coastal port on St Vincent’s Gulf.