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Northam Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses, old Australian courthouses

Northam Courthouse, Western Australia

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Northam Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses
Northam Courthouse, Wellington Street, Northam; a Magistrates Court of Western Australia.

Northam Courthouse 1896, Western Australia.

The Northam Courthouse is an operating Magistrates Court serving the agricultural community of Northam, west of Perth in Western Australia.   The Courthouse sits on the traditional lands of the Noongar people in Ballardong Noongar booja (country).

Northam is located on the main route to the gold fields around Kalgoorlie further west.

In 1893 Paddy Hannan made one of the largest discoveries of gold in Kalgoorlie.  So it is not surprising that considerable development of railway connections and infrastructure took place in Northam during the 1890’s.


Northam Courthouse, early Australian courthouses
Over the decades, court facilities at Northam have gone through a range of forms and structures.  In 1865 the Perth Gazette and West Australian Times reported that a lock-up with police quarters and court-house were in the course of erection at Northam: 27 October 1865.  Although one year later the Colonial Department reported to the Legislative Assembly that the work remained unfinished.  Carpenter’s work, bricks and timber for lock-up, Police Quarters, court-house and stables, expenses to date being £269 16s 9p: Perth Gazette and West Australian Times, 19 June, 1866.


Northam Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses


No doubt many cases of all kinds were dealt with in a rapidly developing agricultural and mining district.  One incident reported in January 1875 was about

“…a disgraceful row [which] took place at Irishtown, near Northam, at the residence of a small farmer named O’Keefe. A case arising out of the occurrence was heard at the Northam Court-house,..when the originators of the disturbance were fined for their offences.” The Western Australian Times, January 1875.

In 1896 the Government accepted a tender for £2,218 from J F Wrigley for construction of a new Courthouse. (Government Gazette, The West Australian, 25 May 1896).

The Foundation Stone was laid on 29 June 1896 and the building completed in 1897, (Northam and Districts Historical Society).

Iron roof with decorative timber eaves on the Northam Courthouse, Western Australia.

On 4 April 1897 when the new Courthouse was used for the first time, it was reported to be “a great improvement, both in comfort and convenience, on the old building”.  Comfort and convenience continued to be added with the Government accepted a tender for a wood-shed and second store to be added in 1906.  (The Daily News, 19 May 1906).

At that time the Court sat for one day every fortnight.  This meant litigants, witnesses, solicitors, barristers, and staff all had to be ready to proceed on the day.  Some travelled considerable distances from remote locations by road and train to have their day in court and naturally adjournments were not always appreciated :The West Australian, 22 September 1906.

Another early courthouse in Western Australia still operating as a courthouse is that in Albany.


B Stead
BHS Legal
6 October 2013


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