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Australian Courthouses

Albany Courthouse 1895-96, Albany, Western Australia

Albany Courthouse, Western Australia, early Australian courthouses, historical Australian courthouses, Australian legal history,

The Albany Courthouse is an operating Magistrates Court for civil and criminal matters in Albany, Western Australia. On the shores of the beautiful King George Sound, the first European settlement in 1826 was really a penal colony under the jurisdiction of the New South Wales Colony, and the first ‘courthouse’ as such a simple thatched roof affair. More history can be read on the WA Government’s Department of Justice page.

Orange Courthouse 1883, Orange, Central Tablelands, New South Wales

Orange Courthouse New South Wales

 


The current Orange Courthouse building was designed by the Colonial Government Architect James Barnet. Construction was completed in 1883. Previous buildings existed on the site, the first being erected in 1847, around the time of the town’s settlement, and operated as a Court of Petty Sessions, being the usual arrangements in those times.

Orange was proclaimed a municipality in 1860, the first meeting being held in the Courthouse, located on the same site as today, but a different structure.

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Port Adelaide Courthouse 1882 (former), SA

Port Adelaide Courthouse (former)

 

Port Adelaide CourthouseThe old Port Adelaide Courthouse constructed in 1882 lies adjacent to the earlier Port Adelaide Police Station built in 1861. Inquests into deaths, often due to drownings following heavy drinking at local pubs, were held. These were inquests by juries in those times before the local police magistrate.

Armidale Courthouse 1858, Armidale, Northern Tablelands, New England, NSW

Armidale Courthouse, Australian Courthouses, old courthouses, WillsHub

Armidale Courthouse, old Australian Courthouses, colonial Australian Courthouses, courthousesThe Armidale Courthouse and Sherriffs Office at 143-145 Beardy Street, Armidale, in the Northern Tablelands was an operating Local Court of New South Wales until January 2014.  The first courthouse was constructed in 1844 with a more substantial building erected in 1858, in the Classical Revival style.

 

Beechworth Courthouse 1858, Victoria

Beechworth Courthouse

Beechworth Courthouse, early Australian courthouses, old Australian courthouses The former Beechworth Courthouse was built in 1852 and ceased operating as a courthouse in 1989.  Local history records that Ned Kelly, his mother and other bushrangers appeared in the courtroom of the Beechworth Courthouse.

Cairns Courthouse 1919 (former), QLD

Cairns Courthouse, Australian Courthouses, courthouses

Cairns Courthouse, Australian courthouses The Cairns Courthouse constructed in 1919 was described as a ‘graceful and imposing structure’. A far cry from the previous ‘disgraceful courthouse’.

Manly Courthouse 1909, Manly, New South Wales

Manly Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses, Australian legal history

Manly Courthouse, early Australian courthouses, old Australian courthousesManly Courthouse was first constructed in 1909 on the site of the former Ivanhoe Hotel and regarded as a significant development.
While the locality had no crime to speak of it was observed the residents had the right to have a court of their own to save the inconvenience of having to travel across the water to settle their troubles.

Glen Innes Courthouse 1873, NSW

early Australian Courthouses, old Australian Courthouses, Australian legal history

Glen Innes Courthouse, Australian Courthouses, Australian legal history, early Australian courthousesGlen Innes Courthouse 1873 is the design work of James Barnet, built in local stone. The Courthouse is still operational as a local court in New South Wales, and previously a Mining Warden’s Court.  The locality of Glen Innes is of Scottish heritage.

Water Police Court 1886, Sydney

Water Police Court (former), Sydney
The Police Court or Water Police Court in Phillip Street, Sydney near the busy waterfront of Circular Quay, no longer operates as a courthouse. Instead it is home to the Justice and Police Museum, telling stories of earlier times when water transport, merchant shipping and a busy harbour required regulating and policing to keep law and order in a rapidly developing colony.

Norwood Courthouse 1937, SA

Former Norwood Courthouse

Former Norwood CourthouseThe Norwood Courthouse 1937 in Norwood, Adelaide was one of the few police courthouse buildings built during the interwar period.  It was reported at the time as being the ‘most commanding building outside the City’.

Northam Courthouse, Western Australia

Northam Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses, old Australian courthouses

Northam Courthouse, early Australian Courthouses Northam Courthouse, Wellington Street, Northam; a Magistrates Court of Western Australia.
The Northam Courthouse is an operating Magistrates Court serving the agricultural community of Northam, west of Perth in Western Australia.